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Greenert Sailing Directions

The CNO’s Sailing Directions provide the Navy’s Mission:

Deter aggression and, if deterrence fails, win our Nation’s wars.  Employ the global reach and persistent presence of forward-stationed and rotational forces to secure the Nation from direct attack, assure Joint operational access and retain global freedom of action. With global partners, protect the maritime freedom that is the basis for global prosperity. Foster and sustain cooperative relationships with an expanding set of allies and international partners to enhance global security.

The CNO’s Sailing Directions also convey the CNO’s responsibilities:

  • Remain ready to meet current challenges, today
  • Build a relevant and capable future force
  • Enable and support our Sailors, Navy Civilians and their Families

The CNO’s Sailing Directions most importantly set for the CNO’s Tenets.  These tenets are:

  • Warfighting First
  • Operate Forward
  • Be Ready

We are directed in the CNO’s Sailing Directions to make these tenets key considerations to be applied to every decision.  The CNO’s Sailing Directions provided the initial course to set upon as Admiral Greenert became the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO).  If you take into account the CNO’s Sailing Directions and his tenets in each decision, as he does, you’ll both understand how decisions are being made by him, his subordinates, and the Navy.

The CNO’s Sailing Directions laid the tenets, or keel, of Admiral Greenert’s tenure as CNO.  If you observe the Navy and how it has shaped itself over the year and a half Admiral Greenert has been at its helm you’ll find the tenets deeply rooted in the course.

The CNO’s Sailing Directions were complimented by the CNO’s Navigation Plan and the CNO’s Position Report 2012.


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The DoD Annual China Report 2013 was release a few days ago.  The DoD Annual China Report 2013 provides an unclassified summary of the Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China.  While there have been significant advances by China as they rapidly develop through their own “Industrial Age” while operating in our “Information Age.”

I recommend an immediate read of the DoD Annual China Report 2013 Executive Summary below.  This will give you a good idea of the immediate concerns before you tackle the longer 80 page report.

Executive Summary

Military and Security Developments Involving  the People’s Republic of China 2013The People’s Republic of China (PRC) continues to pursue a long-term, comprehensive military modernization program designed to improve the capacity of its armed forces to fight and win shortduration, high-intensity regional military conflict. Preparing for potential conflict in the Taiwan Strait appears to remain the principal focus and primary driver of China’s military investment. However, as China’s interests have grown and as it has gained greater influence in the international system, its military modernization has also become increasingly focused on investments in military capabilities to conduct a wider range of missions beyond its immediate territorial concerns, including counter-piracy, peacekeeping, humanitarian assistance/disaster relief, and regional military operations. Some of these missions and capabilities can address international security challenges, while others could serve more narrowly-defined PRC interests and objectives, including advancing territorial claims and building influence abroad.

To support the Chinese People’s Liberation Army’s (PLA) expanding set of roles and missions, China’s leaders in 2012 sustained investment in advanced short- and mediumrange conventional ballistic missiles, land attack and anti-ship cruise missiles, counterspace weapons, and military cyberspace capabilities that appear designed to enable antiaccess/area-denial (A2/AD) missions (what PLA strategists refer to as “counterintervention operations”). The PLA also continued to improve capabilities in nuclear deterrence and long-range conventional strike; advanced fighter aircraft; limited regional power projection, with the commissioning of China’s first aircraft carrier, the Liaoning; integrated air defenses; undersea warfare; improved command and control; and more sophisticated training and exercises across China’s air, naval, and land forces.

During their January 2011 summit, U.S. President Barack Obama and then-PRC President Hu Jintao jointly affirmed that a “healthy, stable, and reliable military-to-military relationship is an essential part of [their] shared vision for a positive, cooperative, and comprehensive U.S.-China relationship.”  Within that framework, the U.S. Department of Defense seeks to build a military-to-military relationship with China that is sustained and substantive, while encouraging China to cooperate with the United States, our allies and partners, and the greater international community in the delivery of public goods. As the United States builds a stronger foundation for a military-to-military relationship with China, it also will continue to monitor China’s evolving military strategy, doctrine, and force development and encourage China to be more transparent about its military modernization program. In concert with its allies and partners, the United States will continue adapting its forces, posture, and operational concepts to maintain a stable and secure Asia-Pacific security environment.

[U.S. Department of Defense]

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The US Arctic Strategy seeks an Arctic region which will be stable and free of conflict, where nations act responsibly in a spirit of trust and cooperation, and where economic and energy resources are developed in a sustainable manner that also respects the fragile environment and the interests and cultures of indigenous peoples.  To achieve the vision of the US Arctic Strategy, the United States is establishing an overarching national approach to advance national security interests, pursue responsible stewardship of this precious and unique region, and serve as a basis for cooperation with other Arctic states and the international community as a whole to advance common interests.

US Arctic StrategyThrough the US Arctic Strategy, the National Strategy for the Arctic Region conveys, the United States’ intention of guiding, prioritizing, and synchronizing efforts to protect U.S. national and homeland security interests, promote responsible stewardship, and foster international cooperation.

The US Arctic Strategy, conveyed in the National Strategy for the Arctic Region, is built on three lines of effort:

1.  Advance United States Security Interests

    • Evolve Arctic Infrastructure and Strategic Capabilities
    • EnhanceArctic Domain Awareness
    • Preserve Arctic Region Freedom of the Seas
    • Provide for FutureUnited StatesEnergy Security

2.  Pursue Responsible Arctic Region Stewardship

    • Protect the Arctic Environment and Conserve Arctic Natural Resources
    • Use Integrated Arctic Management to Balance Economic Development, Environmental Protection, and Cultural Values
    • Increase Understanding of the Arctic through Scientific Research and Traditional


    • Chart the Arctic region

3.  Strengthen International Cooperation

    • Pursue Arrangements that Promote Shared Arctic State Prosperity, Protect the 

      Arctic Environment, and Enhance Security

    • Work through the Arctic Council to Advance U.S. Interests in the Arctic Region
    • Accede to the Law of the Sea Convention
    • Cooperate with other Interested Parties

The  approach of the US Arctic Strategy will be informed by the following guiding principles:

  • Safeguard Peace and Stability
  • Make Decisions Using the Best Available Information
  • Pursue Innovative Arrangements
  • Consult and Coordinate with Alaska Natives

The US Arctic Strategy will move the United States toward a collaborative and innovative approach to manage a rapidly changing region.

[The White House]

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