Cyberwarfare (Cyber War Definition or Cyber Attack Definition - sometimes written in error as Cyber War Fare) can be defined as actions by a nation-state to penetrate another nation’s computers, networks, and information systems for the purposes of causing damage or disruption. This damage and destruction can range from tactical to strategic impacts.
Navy Cyber Power 2020 (NCP 2020)
Navy Cyber Power 2020 identifies distinct qualities the Navy must possess to succeed, and introduces methods to build a relevant and extremely capable Navy Cyber warfighting force for the future. This strategy examines cyberspace operations from multiple vectors, and considers challenges and influencing factors beyond traditional operational aspects. The way we acquire systems, train cyber professionals, and choose technologies to meet our requirements directly impacts our ability to deliver credible capabilities to deter or contain conflict, and fight and win wars. Implementation and sustainment of this strategy will operationalize cyberspace with capabilities that span all warfighting domains and provide superior awareness and control when and where we need it. Executing this strategy will be hard work and will take a concerted effort at all echelons.
Navy Vision for Cyberspace Operations - The vision to achieve Navy Cyber Power 2020, is that Navy cyberspace operations provide Navy and Joint commanders with an operational advantage by:
- Assuring access to cyberspace and confident Command and Control (C2)
- Preventing strategic surprise in cyberspace
- Delivering decisive cyber effects
The focus areas and their desired End-States of Navy Cyber Power 2020 are:
- Integrated Operations -Fully integrate Navy cyberspace operations in support of achieving Joint Force objectives.
- Define Cyber Information Needs
- Evolve Doctrine and OPLANS
- Routinely Exercise and Assess
- Optimized Cyber Workforce - Drive Navy and Joint cyberspace operations with an effectively recruited, trained, and positioned workforce.
- Provide an Adaptive Navy Force Model
- Change the Culture
- Strengthen Navy Cyber Knowledge
- Technology Innovation - Leverage industry, academia, and Joint partners to rapidly update Navy cyberspace capabilities to stay ahead of the threat.
- Deliver Cyber Situational Awareness (SA)
- Lead Joint Cyber Modeling, Simulation, and Analysis
- Pilot New Technology
- PPBE & Acquisition Reform - Enhance cyber budgeting and acquisition to meet the Navy’s cyber operational needs.
- Integrate Cyber Requirements
- Integrate Cyber funding Across Navy budget
- Advance Acquisition to pace Industry
The Secretary of Defense’s strategic guidance (DSG) highlights the critical role cyberspace operations play in the success of the Joint Force across all mission areas; the documents below focus on the Cyber Warfare aspect of the DSG. The Nation’s success in the maritime domain depends upon our ability to project power and prevail in cyberspace. Navy Cyber Power 2020 strategic initiatives provide the ways and means to achieve and sustain the Navy’s advantage in cyberspace.
We will issue a supporting roadmap detailing lead and support organizations for each strategic initiative and the major actions necessary to accomplish them. However, as cyberspace evolves the Navy’s leadership will periodically assess the strategy of Navy Cyber Power 2020, to ensure it effectively guides the Navy’s efforts to maintain an operational advantage in cyberspace. Furthermore, the Navy will institute a comprehensive set of strategic performance measures to track the Navy’s progress and ensure that our actions are having the desired effect. When necessary, we will adjust course to respond to, if not anticipate, change that continues apace. Our success in cyberspace requires an “all hands” effort, from the Pentagon to the deck plate.
Navy Cyber Power 2020 supports the Navy Strategy for Achieving Information Dominance, additional related supporting documents include: the Navy Information Dominance Roadmap, 2013-2028; the Navy IDC Human Capital Strategy, 2012-2017; the Naval Intelligence Strategy, 2013-2020; and, the 2013 Navy Space Strategy. Within this integrated framework, the Navy begins in earnest the process of marshaling its resources, galvanizing the workforce, and aligning Navy’s Information Dominance capabilities to fully enable the Navy’s primary tenet of Warfighting First.
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Having had the privilege to meet, hear speak, and ask questions of General James E. Cartwright (USMC, Ret.) when I found this video it was A Cyber Fellow’s treat! The video is from the Global Security Forum 2012. One of the panels addressed the big aspects of Fighting a Cyber War to include significant strategy and policy discussions in Defense and International Security, Technology and Cybersecurity. Several years ago at an AFCEA IT conference while he was serving as Commander, U.S. Strategic Command, I asked a question relating to the significant slowness of technology to penetrate the U.S. Military for use by our Forces. His retort, “it is a massive problem,” quite accurate from what I’ve learned about the issue since - he even offered me his shoes if I wanted to take his place (Navy LT (O3) to 4-Star (O10) would have been a significant jump). The problem is quite massive and at the root of our Military’s desire - Innovative, Highly Technical, Entrepreneurial, yet Inspirational and an Effective Leader - the perfect warfighter!
Since that day I’ve worked toward being able to fill those shoes…
About the video and forum:
The Global Security Forum 2012 is a forum on the top challenges facing U.S. and global security. The vulnerability of military, civilian, and commercial networks to cyber attack is forcing the U.S. government to revise its approach to cyberspace. While most attention is focused on preventing attacks, this panel will address how cyber could be used in an offensive capacity, including how to conceptualize command and control, targeting, damage assessment, proportionality, and deterrence in a cyber environment either alone or alongside kinetic operations.