Active remote sensing is the principal tool used to study and to predict short- and long-term changes in the environment of Earth – the atmosphere, the oceans and the land surfaces – as well as the near space environment of Earth. All of these measurements are essential to understanding terrestrial weather, climate change, space weather hazards, and threats from asteroids. Active remote sensing measurements are of inestimable benefit to society, as we pursue the development of a technological civilization that is economically viable, and seek to maintain the quality of our life. A Strategy for Active Remote Sensing Amid Increased Demand for Spectrum describes the threats, both current and future, to the effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum required for active remote sensing. This report offers specific recommendations for protecting and making effective use of the spectrum required for active remote sensing.
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The Department of Defense has released its 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy in April. It is important to understand where the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy fits in the National Strategy for Cyberspace. So the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy sets out the goals the Department of Defense has been tasked to achieve in support of the National Military Strategy and National Strategy for Cyberspace.
The 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy sets five strategic goals for its cyberspace missions:
1. Build and maintain ready forces and capabilities to conduct cyberspace operations;
2. Defend the DoD information network, secure DoD data, and mitigate risks to DoD missions;
3. Be prepared to defend the U.S. homeland and U.S. vital interests from disruptive or destructive cyberattacks of significant consequence;
4. Build and maintain viable cyber options and plan to use those options to control conflict escalation and to shape the conflict environment at all stages;
5. Build and maintain robust international alliances and partnerships to deter shared threats and increase international security and stability.
Below is my personal quick summary of the Navy FY2016 Budget Highlights Book as it most pertains to those individuals in the Information Dominance Corps.
Protect the Homeland
- Maintain a safe, secure, and effective nuclear deterrent
- Fight terrorism through counter-terrorism/irregular warfare operations
- Defend the homeland and provide support to civil authorities
- Counter weapons of mass destruction
Build Security Globally
- Provide a stabilizing presence across the globe
- Conduct stability and counterinsurgency operations
- Conduct humanitarian, disaster relief, and other operations
Project Power and Win Decisively
- Defer and defeat aggression
- Project power despite anti-access/area denial challenges
- Operate effectively in space and cyberspace
Four key factors:
To operate effectively in every mission, we invest in protection of our cyber networks. The Department has expanded previous investments in Operation Rolling Tide (ORT), which was primarily focused on tactical networks such as NGEN and CANES, to include combat and other control systems on tactical platforms. Task Force Cyber Awakening (TFCA) was established to provide a holistic view of cyber security across the Navy enterprise. Based on TFCA’s prioritizations of required capabilities to improve Navy’s cyber posture, the DoN added $300 million across the FYDP across a broad spectrum of programs. Together, ORT and TFCA efforts form the Cyber Resiliency Plan; investments made in this budget will lead to significant improvements in the DoN’s Cyber posture.
The Fiscal Year 2016 (FY16) baseline budget submission of $161.0 billion for the Department of the Navy (DoN) is an increase of $1.5 billion (1%) from the FY16 value presented in last year’s budget. In a challenging fiscal environment, the DoN FY16 budget supports the priorities of the President’s Defense Strategic Guidance (DSG), as amplified by the Quadrennial Defense Review (QDR), and the priorities of the Secretary of the Navy, Chief of Naval Operations and Commandant of the Marine Corps. The DoN can meet the mission areas outlined the DSG and QDR, but with risk. The Department prioritized investments to provide a credible, modern and safe strategic deterrent; global forward presence of combat ready forces; preserve the means to defeat one aggressor and simultaneously deny the objectives of a second; focus on critical afloat and ashore readiness and personnel; sustain asymmetrical advantages; and sustain a relevant industrial base.
The FY16 request for overseas contingency operations (OCO) continues to fund the incremental costs to sustain ongoing operational commitments, equipment/infrastructure repair, manpower, as well as equipment replacement. The FY16 DoN OCO request is $7.0 billion.
- The budget request reflects a deployable battle forces of 282 ships in FY16, including 11 aircraft carriers, 31 amphibious ships, 87 large surface combatants, 22 small surface combatants, 4 guided missile submarines and 53 nuclear powered attack submarines. This battle force number reflects Congressional NDAA language on ship counting rules.
- Fourteen battle force ships will be delivered in FY16: 1 Nuclear Aircraft Carrier (CVN), 2 Nuclear Attack Submarines (SSN), 5 Littoral Combat Ships (LCS), 2 Joint High Speed Vessels (JHSV), 1 Amphibious Transport Dock (LPD), 2 Destroyers (DDG) and 1 Zumwalt-class Destroyer (DDG 1000).
- Three Nuclear Attack Submarines (SSN) will be retired.
- Ship procurement funds 9 new-construction ships in FY16 (2 SSNs, 2 DDG 51, 3 LCS, 1 LPD, and 1 T-AO(X)) and 48 ships across the Future Years Defense Plan (FYDP).
- Aircraft procurement funds 124 airframes in FY16 and 492 airframes across the FYDP.
- Major aviation procurement in FY16 includes: 13 F-35B/C, 5 E-2D, 16 P-8A, 2 KC-130J, 28 AH-1Z/UH-1Y, 19 MV-22, 29 MH-60R, and 12 UAV.
- Military basic pay and civilian pay are increased by 1.3 percent.
- This budget continues implementation of a streamlined reduction to Major Headquarters operating budgets, as well as continued initiatives begun with the FY15 budget to reduce acquisition costs.