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2015 DoD Cyber StrategyThe Department of Defense has released its 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy in April.  It is important to understand where the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy fits in the National Strategy for Cyberspace.  So the 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy sets out the goals the Department of Defense has been tasked to achieve in support of the National Military Strategy and National Strategy for Cyberspace.

The 2015 DoD Cyber Strategy sets five strategic goals for its cyberspace missions:

1. Build and maintain ready forces and capabilities to conduct cyberspace operations;

2. Defend the DoD information network, secure DoD data, and mitigate risks to DoD missions;

3. Be prepared to defend the U.S. homeland and U.S. vital interests from disruptive or destructive cyberattacks of significant consequence;

4. Build and maintain viable cyber options and plan to use those options to control conflict escalation and to shape the conflict environment at all stages;

5. Build and maintain robust international alliances and partnerships to deter shared threats and increase international security and stability.

[via Defense.gov]

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We’ve reviewed Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Jonathan Greenert testimony to the House Armed Services Committee.  Admiral Greenert has posted his 2014 CNO Navigation Plan for Fiscal Years (FY) 2015-2019.  Key items in the Information Dominance Corps realm within his Sailing Directions are:

WARFIGHTING FIRST –

  • Enhance our ability to maneuver freely in the electromagnetic spectrum by equipping our ships with more capability to intercept signals and conduct information warfare, and by adding jamming and deception capabilities to counter advanced anti-ship missiles. The budget request also supports the Next Generation Jammer, providing the EA-18G GROWLER with enhanced Airborne Electronic Attack capabilities starting in 2021.
  • Strengthen our cyber posture by developing systems to deter, detect, and mitigate insider threats and safeguard classified national security information. We will also align Navy networks with a more defensible DOD Joint Information Environment through installations of Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services (CANES) on combatants and at Maritime Operation Centers; implement the Next Generation Enterprise Network (NGEN) ashore; and consolidate data centers. In addition, we are establishing a single Navy “CYBERSAFE” authority to manage cyber security of Navy-wide networks, platforms, BE READY America’s Navy is at its best when operating forward. Our overseas presence gives the President options, and bolsters global stability through frequent engagement with allies and partners, building trust and confidence.

OPERATE FORWARD – While no individual bullet point sites a specific task for the Information Dominance Corps (IDC) the major move to push more ships & forces forward, increase their Operational Tempo, and rotate crews at the edge are major changes.  Thus the IDC importance is built within every bullet point listed.  These changes make the Network and Communication mission sets of the IDC more significant.  It also challenges network availability & integrity while stressing satellite and terrestrial communication pathways with higher traffic loads and most likely a more congested spectrum loading.

BE READY –

  • Continues to evolve Information Dominance as a mainstream warfighting discipline by establishing a dedicated Type Commander – the Navy Information Dominance Forces Command – responsible for the readiness of intelligence, oceanography and meteorology, information warfare, networks, and space capabilities.

[via Navy.mil]

Make sure to review the CNO’s 2012 update in his 2012 CNO’s Postion Report and the 2013 CNO Navigation Plan!

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Navy Budget Highlights BookWhile the Highlights of the Department of the Navy FY 2014 Budget might be a very descriptive title for this fiscal report by the Navy, it is more widely known as the Navy Budget Highlights Book FY14.  For those that find themselves wondering how “Big” Navy works the topics of the Fiscal Year (FY) often drive the major decisions of senior leaders.  This nearly $1.4M dollar* FY14 Navy Budget Highlights Book serves to layout, in plain english, the labyrinth known as the Navy Budget process.  The FY14 Navy Budget Highlights Book lays out the U.S. Navy’s budget process, the strategic thought behind budget allocations, and the mission requirements driving the funding decisions.

The FY14 Navy Budget Highlights Book sets the context by opening its first section with:

The Fiscal Year (FY) 2014 President’s Budget (PB) reflects a strategic direction grounded in the reality of the nation’s fiscal challenges. As we transition from today’s conflicts, we must position the Navy-Marine Corps team for the challenges of tomorrow.

Section I – Department of the Navy: Operating in a Fiscally-Driven Frontier

OPERATE EFFECTIVELY in CYBERSPACE and SPACE – The Navy created Fleet Cyber Command/Tenth Fleet to conduct full spectrum operations in and through cyberspace to ensure Navy and Joint/Coalition Freedom of Action. The Navy must organize, train, and resource a credible workforce of cyber professionals and develop forward-leaning, interoperable, and resilient cyberspace capabilities to successfully counter and defeat a determined adversary in cyberspace. The Navy’s ability to operate and maintain secure and reliable networks is critical to every warfare area and all aspects of daily operations. The Naval forces provide unique physical access to global cyberspace that can be operated remotely in coordination with national capabilities and operations. The Department will continue to work with allies and invest in additional capabilities to defend its networks, operational capability, and resiliency.

Department of the Navy Objectives (and resultantly the Section titles)

  • Take Care of Our People
  • Maintain Warfighter Readiness
  • Lead the Nation in Sustainable Energy
  • Promote Acquisition Excellence and Integrity
  • Dominate in Unmanned Systems
  • Drive Innovative Enterprise Transformation

Total Obligation Authority (TOA) for the FY 2014 Department of the Navy baseline
budget is $155.8 billion.

Section II –The Continuing Challenge in the Middle East Security Environment

Major elements of the FY13 budget include:

  • Personnel
  • Operating Support
  • Depot Maintenance
  • Naval Aircraft
  • Marine Corps Ground Equipment
  • Navy Ground Equipment
  • Weapons and Ammunition
  • Research and Development

Section III –Taking Care of Our People

Active Navy Personnel (FY14 target)

  • Officers 53,400
  • Enlisted 265,878
  • Midshipman 4,322

Education and Training – Today’s Navy is the most modern and technically superior Navy in the world. Our ability to outperform our adversaries on the sea, in the air, below the sea and on land requires a highly educated, trained, skilled, and disciplined force.

Active Marine Corps Personnel (FY14 target)

  • Officers 20,570
  • Enlisted 161,530

Civilian Personnel (FY14 Full Time Equivalent (FTE))

  • Total DoN (USN and USMC Services) 214,406
  • Navy 190,373
  • Marine Corps 24,033

Emphasis on regaining technical expertise, depth, and business/contracting skills necessary to execute acquisition programs remains a priority within the Department. CYBER growth is commensurate with the demands of National Security priorities.

Section IV – Maintaining Warfighter Readiness in an Era of Reduced Budgets

FY14 Navy Budget Highlights Book describes that the Department will maintain strong, agile and capable military forces. Operational readiness is the catalyst that brings naval power to bear whenever it is needed. Our budget supports requirements for our Carrier Strike Groups (CSGs), Amphibious Ready Groups (ARGs), and Marine Expeditionary Forces (MEFs) to execute the National Military Strategy and respond to persistent as well as emerging threats.

In FY 2014 six battle force ships will be delivered: one Nuclear Attack Submarine (SSN), one Surface Combatant Destroyer (DDG), one Amphibious Warfare Assault Ship (LHA), two Joint High Speed Vessels (JHSVs), and one Mobile Landing Platform (MLP).

Sixteen battle force ships will be retired: seven Frigates (FFGs), three Cruisers (CGs), one Nuclear Attack Submarine (SSN), one Amphibious Warfare Transport Dock (LPD), two Amphibious Dock Landing Ships (LSDs), one Mine Countermeasures Ship (MCM), and one Combat Logistics Ship (T-AOE).

Battle Force Ships (FY14 target) – 273

Total Sealift Capacity (FY14 target in millions of square feet) – 14.9

Primary Authorized Aircraft (PAA) – Active (FY14 target) – 3,136 total.

  • Navy 2,031
  • Marine Corps 1,105

Section V – Investing Toward the Joint Force of 2020

Ship Programs:

The FY14 Navy Budget Highlights Book describes the shipbuilding budget funds, which are approximately $84.7 billion for 41 ships
across FY 2014 to FY 2018.

Navy Shipbuilding Plan 2014

Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (SEWIP)- In response to current threats, the budget requests $132 million for continuing research and development efforts associated with SEWIP, which provides enhance electronic warfare (EW) capabilities to both existing and new ship based combat systems. These capabilities will improve anti-ship missile defense, counter targeting, and counter surveillance activities. SEWIP Block 2 will develop an upgraded antenna, receiver, and combat system interface for the currently installed AN/SLQ-32 EW suite, providing improved detection, accuracy, and mitigation of electronic interference. SEWIP Block 3 will add an electronic attack (EA) capability to the AN/SLQ-32 EW suite, providing an EA transmitter, array, and advanced techniques. These system improvements will ensure the Department keeps pace with the antiship missile threat.

Aviation Programs:

The FY 2014 budget continues to support the goal of transforming the force with unmanned vehicles by investing in a broad range of unmanned platforms in support of Joint Force and Combatant Commander demands for increased ISR capability and capacity. These programs support the warfighter by providing a persistent ISR capability through the continued development, acquisition, and fielding of UAV systems such as the MQ-8 Vertical Take Off and Landing Tactical UAV (VTUAV) and MQ-4 Triton UAS. Additionally, the Department is funding future unmanned development, including the technology demonstration of the Navy Unmanned Combat Aerial System (UCAS) X-47B and the Unmanned Carrier Launched Airborne Surveillance and Strike system development.

Navy Aircraft Plan 2014

Weapon Programs:

The Standard Missile (SM) program replaces less effective, obsolete inventories with the more capable SM-6 Extended Range Active Missile. The SM-6 high speed/ high altitude missile program started Full Rate Production in FY 2013. The SM-6 and its associated Naval Integrated Fire Control – Counter Air (NIFCA-CA) will provide the capability to employ these missiles at their maximum kinematic range. NIFC-CA exploits capabilities inherent in existing systems, optimizes current and emerging technologies in component system upgrades, integrates them together, and performs kill chain tests, forming an interoperable System of Systems to maximize future air defense capabilities. The Department of Navy has focused on its efforts to integrate the “From The Sea” kill chain consisting of the E-2D Advanced Hawkeye, CEC, AEGIS, and SM-6 missile. Investments in advanced technology such as the SM-6 and its associated NIFC-CA capabilities will enable the Navy to keep pace with the evolving threat and thereby continue to maintain our conventional warfare edge.

Advanced Precision Kill Weapons System II (APKWS II) provides a relatively inexpensive, small, lightweight, precision guided weapon that is effective against soft and lightly armored targets and which enhances crew survivability with increased standoff range. APKWS II offers precision, maximum kills per aircraft sortie, minimum potential for collateral damage, and increased effectiveness over legacy unguided rockets. The Department will continue with its third year of full rate production in FY 2014.

Networks and C4I Programs:

Described in the FY14 Navy Budget Highlights Book are the major acquisition programs which support the Plan to Achieving Information Dominance are as follows:

The Navy’s Command, Control, Communication, Computers, and Intelligence (C4I) programs are the backbone of naval combat capability. In concert with C4I, cyberspace capabilities are critical to achieving DON objectives in every warfighting domain and enterprise business model. The Department of Defense is undergoing a significant transformation in organization, structure, and alignment to enable the full range of operations in cyberspace. The associated cyberspace mission areas of computer network operations and Information Assurance will be enabled by common technologies and must be highly synchronized. DON is reducing information technology (IT) infrastructure cost and cyber vulnerabilities by consolidating Enterprise IT contracts and data centers, as well as improving IT governance.

The Next Generation Enterprise Network (NGEN) will improve upon the successes of NMCI. A significant distinction is that NGEN will ultimately be predominately government managed and controlled. NGEN management will be more centralized to support the computing demands of the DON enterprise, and fully aligned with and supported by the respective Navy and Marine Corps network operation commands. NGEN will support net-centric operations and position the DON for transition to the Naval Networking Environment (NNE) vision for FY 2016. NGEN forms the foundation for the NNE, and will be interoperable with, and leverage, other DoD-provided Net-Centric Enterprise Services.

The DON awarded the Continuity of Services Contract (CoSC), which began on 1 October 2010, to maintain the existing Navy Marine Corps Intranet (NMCI) network services and provide for the necessary transition support for migration to NGEN.  FY 2013 marks the planned transition of the CoSC to the NGEN contract. The FY 2014 budget supports the NGEN program.

The Consolidated Afloat Networks and Enterprise Services (CANES) program provides Navy ships and submarines with reliable, high speed local area networks at all classification levels. CANES modernizes existing afloat networks and provides the necessary infrastructure for tactical applications, systems and services required for Navy to dominate the Cyber Warfare domain.  FY 2014 investment funds are for the Full Deployment contract award to procure 29 units, two units of technical training equipment (TTE), integration, associated costs for pre-installation design and activity drawings, and installation for 26 afloat units and two TTE units. In addition, funds are for Technical Insertion Software development, Developmental Testing and Follow-On Operational Testing & Evaluation on force level platforms in support of Full Deployment Decision in FY 2014.

Navy Multiband Terminal (NMT) is the replacement for existing protected and wideband military SATCOM terminals. The program provides Navy units with the ability to access the next generation of military SATCOM satellites. The system also provides increased capacity, mitigates service denial in a jamming environment and supports execution of the Ballistic Missile Defense mission. The common suite of equipment simplifies logistics support while reducing the footprint of equipment on space constrained ships and submarines. FY 2014 funds will support procurement of 45 units and the installation of 29 units.

The advanced Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Mobile User Objective System (MUOS) development and procurement funding continues in the FY 2014 budget, supporting full operational capability in FY 2017. MUOS will provide the DoD’s UHF satellite communication capability for the 21st century.

Section VI – Revitalizing the Force Ashore

Section VII – Driving Innovative Enterprise Transformation

Do you understand the different “colors” of Department of Defense funds?

Section VIII – Derivation of FY 2013 Estimates

*Preparation of this study/report cost the Department of Defense a total of approximately $1,399,000 for the 2013 Fiscal Year. This includes $71,000 in expenses and $1,328,000 in DoD labor.  This means that $71K was expended separately to create this report in conjunction with the financial data created from more than $1.3M in labor costs.

[via Navy Finance]

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